India is a country of striking demographic diversity. It exhibits a relatively high but declining fertility and uneven economic development with marked regional disparities by social group, age group and levels of prosperity (Agnihotri, 1995; Dyson & Moore, 1983). The Northern and Southern states exhibit considerable differences.
India is one of the few countries in the world where males out number females. The sex ratio of Indian population in the century has shown a secular-declining trend except some marginal increases in the censuses of 1951, 1981 and 2001. The net deficit of females, which was 3.2 million in 1901 has now widened to over 35 million in 2001. The sex ratio in 2001 was 933, six points higher than the sex ratio of 927 recorded in 1991.
Almost all government's health policies seem to have an underlying family planning agenda. Health activists have analyzed that with its emphasis on population control; the rural health mission is no different. Over the years it has become quite clear that if people are forced to limit the size of the families, they shall do so at the cost of the girl baby, even if it means that they have to "import" brides from outsides their states or their community.
The project is mutually agreed plan of implementing agency, community members and other stakeholders. The project is highly beneficial not only for the youth of the community but for the community as a whole. It envisages the development in the community which its inhabitants had been dreaming of since the time of their settlement there.